Pipe fitting abbreviations

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NPT National Pipe Thread MTP Male (National) Pipe Thread FTP Female (National) Pipe Thread MFL Male Flare Fitting (homebrew fittings – what disconnects use) Ght Garden Hose Thread


Extract Lovibond

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Pilsen 2 Bavarian Wheat 3 Golden Light 4 Goldpils Vienna 6 Pale Ale 6 Munich 8 Rye 9 Sparkling Amber 10 Porter 17 Traditional Dark 30 Special Dark 90 Sorghum 3 Maltoferm 350


Malt Substitutions

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Briess Pauls Muntons Fawcett Weyerman Baird Weissheimer DWC MFB 2-Row Pale Pilsen Lager Lager Pilsner, Premium Pilsner Pilsen Pilsen Pilsen Pale Ale Pale Ale Pale Ale Maris Otter, Halcyon, Optic, Pearl, Golden Promise Pale Ale Pale Ale Pale Ale Pale Ale Stout Malt Halcyon Ashburne Mild Ale Mild Ale Vienna Vienna Sp. Aromatic Bonlander Munich […]


Yeast Substitutions

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White Labs   Name Brewery WLP001 California Ale Sierra Nevada WLP002 English Ale Fullers WLP003 German Ale II WLP004 Irish Stout Guinness WLP005 British Ale Ringwood WLP006 Bedford Ale Charles Wells WLP007 Dry English Ale Whitbred – dry WLP008 East Coast Ale Sam Adam’s WLP009 Australian Ale Yeast Coopers WLP010 Anniversary Ale Blend WLP001, WLP002, […]


Yeast Pitching Rates

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Repitched Pitching Rates and Quantities (billions of cells per liter of wort) OG Rate in Billions per Liter SG Plato 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 1.020 5.1 2.5 5.1 7.6 10.2 1.025 6.3 3.2 6.3 9.5 12.6 1.030 7.6 3.8 7.6 11.3 15.1 1.035 8.8 4.4 8.8 13.2 17.6 1.040 10.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 1.045 […]


Terms

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adjunct: any substitute unmalted grain or fermentable ingredient added to a mash. Reduces cost and produces lighter-bodied, paler, and less malty beers. aeration: exposing a substance to air, performed at various stages of the brewing process. airlock (or fermentation lock): a one-way valve that allows carbon dioxide gas to escape while preventing the entry of […]


Troubleshooting

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Problem Causes Fermentation does not start Inadequate amount of yeast pitched Wort too hot (yeast stunned/killed) Wort too cold (yeast dormant) Fermentation fine, but bucket not sealed (so you can’t see bubbles in airlock) Fermentation already complete (look for ring of “crud” around inside of fermenter) Stuck fermentation Not enough yeast pitched Inadequate aeration Wort […]


Hop Substitutes

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Hop Variety Possible Substitutes Admiral Target, Northdown, Challenger Ahtanum Amarillo, Centennial, Simcoe Amarillo Cascade, Centennial, Summit, Ahtanum Boadicea Cacade(?), I’m not sure… Brewers Gold Bullion, Chinook, Galena, Nugget Bullion Columbus, Northern Brewer Cascade Amarillo, Centennial, Summit Centennial Amarillo, Cascade, Columbus, Summit Challenger Perle, Admiral Chinook Brewers Gold, Columbus, Galena, Nugget, Northern Brewer, Eroica Cluster Galena, […]


Malt/DME/LME Conversion Table

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1lb malt = .75lb lme = .6lb dme 1.33 = 1 = .8 1.66 = 1.25 = 1 Grain Liquid Dry 1 0.75 0.6 1.5 1.125 0.9 2 1.5 1.2 2.5 1.875 1.5 3 2.25 1.8 3.5 2.625 2.1 4 3 2.4 4.5 3.375 2.7 5 3.75 3 5.5 4.125 3.3 6 4.5 3.6 6.5 […]


Celsius to Fahrenheit Conversion

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°C °F   0 32.0 freezing 2 35.6 4 39.2 6 42.8 8 46.4 10 50.0 12 53.6 14 52.7 16 60.8 18 64.4 20 68.0 22 71.6 24 75.5 26 78.8 28 82.4 30 86.0 32 89.6 34 93.2 36 96.8 38 100.4 40 104.0 42 107.6 44 111.2 46 114.8 48 118.4 50 […]